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Xaanshida Xaqiiqada ee Porn Harms

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Tani waa warqad xaqiiq ah oo faa'iido leh oo loogu talagalay kuwa jeclaan lahaa inay wax ka ogaadaan cilmi-baaristii ugu dambeysay ee ku saabsan waxyeellooyinka galmada laga soo bilaabo 2017-2019. Waxaa soo aruuriyey John Foubert, Ph.D, LLC ee Mareykanka, cilmi baadhe iyo qoraa “Sidee Porn Harms: Waxa Ay U Baahan Yihiin Dhalinta, Dadka Waaweyn, Waalidiinta & Wadaaddada".

Yooxanaa wuxuu u diyaariyey qaybo ka mid ah fara-xuruufta iyo rabshadaha, hawlaha galmada, waxyaabaha la xariira filimada, caafimaadka maskaxda, diinta iyo dhalinyarada. Waxay ku dhamaanaysaa liistada buuxa ee waraaqaha uu soo diray.

Dr Foubert wuxuu soo bandhigi doonaa qayb ka mid ah tani Isbahaysiga Ku Saabsan Shirarka Waxyeelaynta Galmada ee Washington DC on Thursday 13 June 2019.

Rabshadaha
  1. Pornography waxay si joogta ah u muujineysaa diidmada iyo rabshada dumarka. Sawiradaasi waxay abuurayaan rajooyin galmo aan caadi ahayn, taasoo horseedi karta horumarinta galmada aan la rabin, taas oo horseedi karta rabshad (Sun, Ezzell, & Kendall, 2017).
  2. Isticmaalka ragga iyo dumarku waxa ay saameyn ku yeeshaan aragtida haweenka siyaabaha loo qiyaasi karo - oo ay ka mid yihiin, laakiin aan ku xaddidnayn, ujeedada, aqbalaadda habdhaqanka galmada ee haweenka, iyo samaynta horumarinta galmada aan loo baahnayn ee haweenka (Mikorski & Syzmanski, 2017, Wright & Bae, 2015).
  3. Isticmaalka pornography waxay u badan tahay in ay horseeddo rabshadaha jinsiga marka filimku uu si gaar ah u xoogan yahay, marka qofku uu leeyahay taageerada jinsiga ah ee rabshadaha, iyo marka shaqsigu yahay mid fudud oo xoogga saaraya galmada aan dhicin (Hald & Malamuth, 2015).
  4. Marka la barbardhigo kuwa aan isticmaalin, kuwa ay u muuqdaan noocyo muuqaal ah oo ka mid ah sawir qaadayaasha ayaa waxay leeyihiin kufsi badan oo kufsi iyo kufilsho badan oo kufsiga kufsiga (Romero-Sanchez, Toro-Garcia, Horvath, & Megias, 2017).
  5. Marka nin horayba loo arko in uu gardarro ka galo mashaariicda kale, filimada sawir-qaadisku wuxuu si gaar ah u saameeyaa soo saarida gardarrada galmada oo kordhay (Baer, ​​Kohut, & Fisher, 2015).
  6. Daaweynta filimada sawirrada badanaa waxay keenaysaa falalka galmada ama dabeecadaha galmada qatarta ah sida lamaanayaal badan iyo galmo aan ilaalinayn (Van Oosten, Jochen, & Vandenbosch, 2017).
  7. Xadgudubka Ilmaha ee da'doodu ka yar tahay da'da 21 ayaa ka adkaata xakamaynta isticmaalka ficilkooda iyo inta badan waxay isticmaalaan isticmaalka noocaas oo ah arrin u horseeday xadgudubka carruurta kale (McKibbin et al., 2017).
  8. Astaamaha ragga ah ee la xidhiidha suurtogalnimada in la eego sawir-maskaxeedka carruurta waxaa ka mid ah marwalba galmo lala yeesho raggii, iyagoo haysta aragtida carruurta sida xiisaha, haysashada saaxiibbada daawaday filimmada ilmaha, isticmaalka sigaarka, oo ka badan celcelis ahaan gardarrada, abid daawashada dabeecad daroogo, iyo ku lug lahaanshaha dhaqanka khasabka ah (Seto, Hermann, Kjellgren, Priebe, Svedin, iyo Langstrom, 2015).
  9. Mid ka mid ah sababaha loo isticmaalo suuq-geynta jinsiga ah ee ku lug leh jinsiga ayaa ah in daawadayaashu ay bilaabaan inay soo saaraan qoraallo jinsi ah kuwaas oo ku lug leh qasbid kadibna waxay raadinayaan inay ku dhaqmaan nolosha dhabta ah (Marshall, Miller, & Bouffard, 2018).
  10. Ragga ragga khatarta sare ugu jira in ay sameeyaan ficillada foosha galmada, daawashada filimada jilicsan ama pornography ee caruurta waxay ku dareysaa khatarta ah in ay sameysey fara-galin galmo ah, iyada oo asal ahaan ku kordhin doonta shidaalka dabka ay u geystaan ​​rabshadaha galmada. Xaaladaha qaarkood, fiirinta sawir-maskaxdu waxay u adeegtaa sida barta xeeldheer oo keenta qofka halista ku jira oo aan dhici karin inuu dhab ahaan sameeyo (Malamuth, 2018).
  11. Ragga iyo dumarka badani daawashada filimada, waxay u badan tahay inay soo farageliyaan inay ka hortagaan weerarka galmada inay dhacaan (Foubert & Bridges, 2017).
Shaqeynta Galmada
  1. Dadka daawanaya qibradaha qaawan waxay hoos udhaceen heerarkii qanacsanaanta galmada waxayna la kulmaan cillad la'aan kacsi heer sare ah marka la barbar dhigo kuwa aan si joogto ah u daawan daawooyinka qaawan (Wery & Billieux, 2016).
  2. Macaamiisha joogtada ah ee sawir-qaadaha waxay soo sheegaan heerar hoose oo ah qanacsanaanta waxqabadkooda galmada, su'aalaha ku saabsan bikranimadooda, heerar hoose oo isku-kalsoonaan ah, iyo arrimo badan oo muuqaalka jirka ah (Sun, Bridges, Johnson, & Ezzell, 2016).
  3. Inta badan ee dadka qaawan ay arkeen, ayaa galmada yar ay ku qanacsanaadaan (Wright, Bridges, Sun, Ezzell, & Johnson, 2017).
  4. Iyada oo la adeegsanayo kordhinta isticmaalka sawirada, waxay dadku leeyihiin galmo khatar badan, galmo badan oo aan la isku raacsaneyn, iyo galmo yar (Braithwaite, Coulson, Keddington, & Fincham, 2015).
  5. Haweenka ay lammaanayaashoodu isticmaalaan khaniisiinta ayaa ah kuwa aan ku qanacsanayn galmada, xiriirkooda guud, iyo jirkooda (Wright & Tokunaga, 2017).
Mawduuca Sawirka
  1. Tobankii sano ee la soo dhaafey heerarka rabshadaha rabshadaha, porn gore, porn ilmaha, iyo falalka midab-takoorka ee lagu muujiyey porn-ka ayaa si aad ah u kordhay (DeKeseredy, 2015).
  2. Intii lagu jiray tobankii sano ee la soo dhaafay, xiisaha sawirka qaawan ee lagu muujiyey da 'yarta (ka kor iyo ka hooseeya da'da ogolaanshaha) ayaa si aad ah u kordhay (Walker, Makin, & Morczek, 2016).
  3. Haweenka sameeya ee sawirada fiidiyowga qaawan waxay u badan tahay inay muujiyaan farxad markii gardarro (sida dharbaaxinta, qasabka siilka ama futada lagu galmoodo), iyo galmada qasqaysa) gaar ahaan haddii jilaa uu yahay qof dhalinyaro ah. Fiidiyowyada noocan ah waxay sii wataan fikirka ah in haweenku ku raaxeystaan ​​ka dib markii ay ku xadgudbeen isla markaana hoos u dhigaan dhaqanka galmada (Shor, 2018).
  4. Kaliya hal goob fiidiyow ah, 33.5 Bilyan oo booqdeyaal ah ayaa galaangal xumo galmo ah 2018. Booqashooyinka maalinlaha ah ee goobta ayaa hadda ka badan 100 milyan. Boggu wuxuu qoraa 962 mar labaad ayuu baaro. Daqiiqad kasta oo 63,992 soo booqdayaasha cusub waxay galaangal u yeeshaan ka kooban (pornhub.com).
  5. Markasta oo ay raggu sixiroolayaal ah u daawadaan, waxay u badan tahay inay dumarka ka been sheegaan sawiradaas (Skorska, Hodson & Hoffarth, 2018).
Caafimaadka Maskaxda
  1. Adeegsiga qaawan ayaa la xidhiidha qanacsanaanta yar ee xidhiidhada, cilaaqaadka hooseeya, keli ahaanta iyo niyad jab badan (Hesse & Floyd, 2019).
  2. Haweenka u adeegsada arrimaha qaawan waxay u badan tahay inay leeyihiin aragti been ah ama aragti khaldan oo ku saabsan kufsiga oo ay aad uga warqabaan jirkooda (Maas & Dewey, 2018).
  3. Daraasad lagu eegayay baaritaannada maskaxda ee ragga, khabiirada neerfayaasha waxay ku ogaadeen in waxqabadka maskaxda ee ka dhexeeya isticmaaleyaasha dhillooyinka culus ay muujiyeen qabatin dabeecad, aad u badan sida maandooriyaha iyo balwadda khamaarka (Gola, Wordecha, Sescousse, Lew-Starowicz, Kossowski, Wypych, Makeig, Potenza & Marchewka, 2017).
  4. Haweenka ay lammaanahoodu adeegsadaan waxyaabaha qaawan waxay u badan tahay inay qabaan cilado cunto (Tylka & Calogero 2019).
  5. Ragga leh heerarka sareeya ee isticmaalka sawir qaawan uma badna inay guursadaan marka loo eego ragga leh heerar adeegsi dhexdhexaad ah (Perry & Longest, 2018).
  6. Markasta oo qof guur ah uu cuno fayo-dhowrka galmada yar ee ku qanacsanaanta guurkooda (Perry, 2016).
Diinta
  1. Inta badan ee ragga ay u daawadaan qaawan, waxa yar ka go'an inay diintooda ku shaqeeyaan. Intaa waxaa sii dheer, ragga inta badan u arkaa sawirada qaawan, waxay u badan tahay inay ku hayaan jago hoggaamiye kooxeedkooda inta lagu guda jiro sannadaha 6 ee soo socda (Perry, 2018).
  2. Raga ragga ah ee diinta ku badan ayaa ah, inta ay si isdaba joog ah u isticmaalaan sawirada. Iyo sida ugu yar ee ay u isticmaalaan sawirada qaawan, waxay u badan tahay inay ku xadgudbaan dumarka internetka (Hagen, Thompson, & Williams, 2018).
  3. Markuu qofku afadiisa / diintiisa aad u badan yahay, ayay u yartahay inay u daawadaan sawirada. Qoraaga daraasadda wuxuu soo jeedinayaa in cibaadada guurka ay hoos u dhigi karto aragtida qaawan ee ka dhexeysa dadka Mareykanka ah ee guursaday iyada oo la dhiirrigelinayo xiriir weyn oo xagga diinta iyo midnimada ka dhexeeya lammaanaha, taa awgeedna ay hoos u dhigeyso xiisaha qofka ama fursadaha uu u arko filimka qaawan (Perry, 2017).
dhallinyarada
  1. Daraasadihii ugu horreeyay waxay muujinayaan in maskaxda qaangaarka ah ay aad ugu nugul tahay waxyaabaha galmada ka muuqata marka loo eego maskaxda dadka waaweyn (Brown & Wisco, 2019).
  2. Dib-u-eegis lagu sameeyay daraasadaha 19 ayaa lagu ogaadey in dhalinyarada qaangaarka ah ee fiirisa qulqulka internetka ay u badan tahay inay ku kacaan dabeecado galmo oo qatar ah iyo inay yeeshaan walwal ama niyad jab (Principi et al., 2019).
  3. Dhallinta qaangaarka ah, adeegsiga qaawan ayaa ku kordheysa da'da, qaasatan wiilasha. Dadka qaangaarka ah ee sida joogtada ah uga qeyb qaata howlaha diimaha waxay u badan tahay inay daawadaan qaawan (Rasmussen & Bierman, 2016).
  4. Dadka qaangaarka ah ee adeegsada sawirada waxay u badan yihiin inay ku kacaan xadgudub galmo (Peter & Valkenburg, 2016; Ybarra & Thompson, 2017).
  5. Dadka qaangaarka ah ee adeegsada sawirrada qaawan waxay u badan tahay inay cilaaq ka xumaadaan cilaaqaadka qoyska (Peter & Valkenburg, 2016).
  6. Ragga soo tabiya isticmaalka qaawan inta lagu jiro qaan-gaarka waxay raacaan adeegsiga maalinlaha ah ee sawir-qaadaha inta badan waxay u gudbaan daawashada waxyaabaha xad-dhaafka ah, oo ay kujirto rabshadaha, si ay u sii wadaan kacsanaan. Muddo kadib nimankan waxay daneeyaan galmo muuqaal ah iyadoo loo arko inay tahay qaawan oo aan danaynayn. Ragga ayaa markaa lumiya awoodda ay u leeyihiin inay galmo la yeeshaan qofka ay nolosha wadaagaan. Qaar ka mid ah kuwa iska dhigaya sawirada qaawan ayaa si guul leh “dib u buuxiyay” waxayna dib u heleen awoodii ay ku lahaayeen kacsanaanta lammaane (Begovic, 2019).
  7. Wiilasha daawanaya qaawanaanta waxay u badan tahay inay ku lug lahaadaan galmada - iyagoo diraya farriimo cad oo galmo iyo sawirro ah (Stanley et al., 2016).
  8. Muuqaalka joogtada ah ee wiilasha ee ku saabsan sawirada qaawan waxay la xiriiraan khasab galmo iyo xadgudub xad dhaaf ah (Stanley et al., 2016).
  9. Dadka da 'ahaan ku jira 10-21, sii wadista soo-gaadhista sawirada qaawan ee rabshadaha wata waxay u horseedaa kadeedis galmo, faraxumayn galmo, galmo qasab ah, iskuday kufsi, iyo kufsi (Ybarra & Thompson, 2017).
  10. Dadka qaangaarka ah ee adeegsada warbixinnada qaawan ayaa hoos u dhigay qanacsanaanta nolosha (Willoughby, Young-Petersen, & Leonhardt, 2018).
  11. Dadka qaangaarka ah ee u arka sawirrada qaawan waxay noqdaan kuwa diinta ka yaraada waqti ka dib (Alexandraki et al., 2018).
  12. Dadka qaangaarka ah ee u arka sawirrada qaawan waxay u badan tahay in la faraxumeeyay (Alexandraki et al., 2018).
  13. Wiilasha si joogto ah u daawasho qaawan waxay u badan tahay inay geystaan ​​weerar galmo (Alexandraki et al., 2018).
  14. Markasta oo ay dhallin-yarada sida ugu badan u daawadaan waxyaabaha qaawan, waxay u badan tahay inay ka qeybgalaan howlaha diiniga ah si aan badneyn, sida ay u yartahay muhimada ay aaminaaddoodu u leedahay, sida ay u badan tahay ee ay u duceeyaan iyo dareemaan inay u dhow yihiin Ilaah iyo shakiga diimeed ee badan ee ay qabaan. , 2018).
  15. Dadka qaangaarka ah ee aad ugu dhegan hoggaamiyeyaasha diinta waxay leeyihiin heerar hoose oo ah isticmaalka sawirada (Alexandraki et al., 2018).
  16. Dadka qaangaarka ah ee u daawasho qaawan si isdaba joog ah ayaa waliba u badan inay dhibaatooyin cilaaqaad la yeeshaan facooda (Alexandraki, et al., 2018).
  17. Wiilasha u adeegsada sawirada qaawan si isdaba joog ah waxay u badan yihiin inay buran yihiin ama cayilan yihiin (Alexandraki et al., 2018).
  18. Dadka qaangaarka ah ee u adeegsan kara sawir-qaadka waxay si joogto ah xiriir xun ula leeyihiin waalidkood, ballan-qaad hoose ayey u yeeshaan qoyskooda, waxay aamminsan yihiin in waalidkood aysan dan ka lahayn, oo xiriirkoodana aan la yaraynin waalidkood (Alexandraki et al., 2018).
  19. Dadka qaangaarka ah ee fiiriya arrimaha qaawan waxay u badan tahay inay bilaabaan fal galmo da'da hore. Bilowga hore ee dhaqdhaqaaqa galmada waxaa u sabab ah fikradaha oggolaanta badan ee loo qabo galmo aan caadi aheyn oo si toos ah ugu xiran isticmaalkooda ficil-galmooda (Van Oosten, Jochen, & Vandenbosch, 2017).
  20. Weydiinta da 'yarta haddii ay adeegsadaan waxyaabaha qaawan ee loo yaqaan' porn 'wax saameyn ah kuma yeelan haddii ay dhab ahaan u heli doonaan sawir-gacmeedka mustaqbalka (Koletic, Cohen, Stulhofer, & Kohut, 2019).

tixraacyada

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Haddii aad rabto in aad dib ugu noqotid tan kale, fiiri: https://www.johnfoubert.com/porn-research-fact-sheet-2019

Waa tan liiska hore ee waraaqaha lagu daabacay 2016. https://www.johnfoubert.com/porn-research-fact-sheet

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